't Eygram-(unit of weight) The cap on the nut of a blue-gum, and other types of Eucalyptus tree, weighs approx. 1 Gram.
't Eyboek-(book), Aboriginal paintings at Carnarvon. (Modern interpretation of the "stories" is that the images may have been chronicle(s) of a hunting expedition(s).)
't Eyniews-(news), The surprise Japanese attack on Darwin was similar to Pearl Harbour.
't Eybeen-(leg or bone), One of the unique things about a kangaroo's legs is that the kangaroo can only go forward!
't Ey-gram-(something written-used as a noun-suffix), an Aboriginal 'message stick'.
Third,and last, the 'German A-Z' web page lists the rare exceptions to the suffix and prefix rules. Please note that the "'t Ey-Pictionary" currently omits some nouns, and it does contain errors which will be corrected. Feedback is always welcome. Please write to: firstname.lastname@example.org
't Eybod-(offer)- The 'Batman Treaty' rental agreement for the land in and around Melbourne. It was the only treaty ever between colonists and aboriginals!
't Eyblok-(block), Cell Block of Fremantle prison for convicts from England. One of the common offenses was stealing clothes! (to keep from freezing)
't Eykant-(lace), 'Lace Lizard'- The scales often resemble handmade lace, (which was very important in the history of Flanders.)
't Eynet-(net), When camping in Queensland, mozzi nets are a vital accessory.
't Eylicht-(light), the center of the circle is where the "South Star" would be, if there was one. (The picture is actually from the Afrikaans language monument in South Africa.)
't Eybeeld-(picture), Possibly 20,000 year old artwork. "Tassled Dancers" painting at Bradshaw Rock.
For starters, nouns that begin with the prefixes ver-, ont-, ge-, be-, (and 't Ey-), and which are followed by just one syllable, are always neuter. (A mnemonic is ' Verontg'bey, Mate! '('See you at our next class.)
't Eyfort-(fort), Fort at the entrance to Sydney Harbor
't Eyfruit-(fruit), Kiwi fruit (Native to New Zealand but thrives in Australia.) 't Eyiooft-(also fruit) is an old-fashinioned synonym.
The neuter noun suffixes include: -je, -tje, -isme, -asme, -as, -as, -af, -es, -sel, -men, -ment, -ant, -ent, -et, -est, -ect, -ekt, -inct, -it, -ijt, -uit, -ijn, -eau, -o, (except in two syllable words), -ol, -ion, -om, -ord, -os, -u, -ui, -um, -ium, and -en
't Eybeest-(animal), Tasmanian tiger. The tiger-striped marsupial supposedly went extinct around 1960, but there have been several possible sightings since 2017!
't Eymes-(knife), Crocodile Dundee's "That's not a knife, THAT'S a knife."
't Ey-dom-(province), '-dom' is a noun-suffix that means "province" or "things pertaining to". "Hutt River Province" in Western Australia declared independence from Australia in 1970.
't Eydier-(animal) Koala
't Eyal-(universe) and 't Eykruis- ('Southern'- cross)
Australia was called 'New Holland' for 200 years! ('New Olanda' in Italian.)
't Eydorp-(town), Alice Springs is the town at the heart of Australia.
't Eyland-(land), A German map of "New Holland"
Second, almost all suffixes and prefixes of multisyllable nouns have a high correlation to one of the Dutch genders. Although there are some exceptions, a student who applies the rules will get an average of more than 90% of the genders correct!.
"Like nothing else on earth!"
't Eymeer-(lake), Lake Hume- a relatively lush spot in the interior of Australia
't Eydraad-(wire), Telegraph station in Alice Springs with post for telegraph wires. The telegraph helped unite Australia.
't Eyeind-(end) The remote Zuytdorp (South Village) cliffs are the site of the 1712 wreck of the Dutch 'Zuytdorp' ship filled with silver. (Note: ôeind is a 'give-away' neuter word because it is an adjective.)
't Eyijs-(ice), snowmaking machine on Mt. Hotham
't Eylied-(song), 'Waltzing Mathilda', by 'Banjo' Paterson, is the unofficial National Anthem of Australia. The lyrics are below.
't Eyleer-(leather), 'Ugg' Boots. (The name most likely came from "ugly", but the boots are now a fashion success, even in Paris.)
't Eylint-(ribbon) and 't Eyloof-(foliage), the bottom part of the Coat of Arms
't Eybot-(bone), In Aboriginal culture, an avenging assassin would "point the bone" at his victim, who would then wither away and die.
't Eybed-(bed), 't Eykamp-(camp), and 't Eygas-(gas)- Road Sign
't Eyblad-(leaf) Eucalyptus leaves, held against the lips, were one of the three musical instruments of Aboriginal Australia.
't Eybos-(forest), Mountain 'beyking' has revolutionized how outdoor enthusiasts can enjoy Australia's eucalyptus forests.
't Eygoed-(product) 'Uggs' is one of the oddest products, and trademarks, in the world. 'Uggs' was derived from the word 'ugly'! It cannot be used in Australia as an exclusive trademark because it is a generic word for boots there!
't Eykruid-(herb), Mullaways Medical Marijuana logo. Minor marijuana possesion was legalized in exclusively the Capital Territory of Canberra in 2019.
't Eymaal-(meal), Afternoon tea is a meal in Australia.
't Eyjuk-(yoke), Team of oxen used to transport wool.
't Eyjaar-(year), in which the seasons are the inverse of those in the Northern Hemisphere.
't Eykorps-(corps), Australian Troops in WWI. The 'Gallipoli' campaign was the most renowned fight in modern Australian history.
First, the genders of nouns that belong to several classes of things have predetermined genders, regardless of how many syllables the nouns have. Any monosyllable noun that isn't one of the 200 neuter nouns, and doesn't belong to one of the neuter classes, is destined to end up as a common gender noun.
't Eyei-(egg), Emu egg
't Eyerts-(ore) Western Australia is a world leader in mining. The Gold Rushes in the late 1800s were similar to the '49er Gold Rush of California. (ôgoud-(gold) is another "give-away" because it is a metal.)
't Eydal-(dale or valley), Barossa Wine Valley. Barossa Valley has become the "quintessential" wine region of Australia due to its distinctive wines.
't Eykind-(child), 'Feral Kid' from the Mad Max movies. Note: 'Kid' is a freebie becasue it is part of the ' children before puberty' class. Courtesy the NFSA-National Film and Sound Archives.
't Eybrood-(bread), Fairy Bread-white bread covered with candy sprinkles.
"Tell-tail" suffixes for female nouns include: -heid, -teit, -a, -ee,-eld, -ei, -ie, -i, -in, -ing, -is, -nis, -ice, -ij, -ijk, -iek, -eik, -eek, -x, -eur, -uur, -ue, -uw, -y, and-e, including the '-*e' endings: -ge, -de, -re, and-te (except in three or more syllable words that begin with 'ge-' and whose sandwiched-syllables are stand-alone nouns, in which case the words are neuter). The feminine suffixes can be called "A,E,I", or "A,E,I-k", suffixes .
't Eydeel- (portion or piece), The centerpiece of Australia's Coat of Arms shows the country's six main regions. (The Northern Territory got left out- oops.)
Generic humans are treated as male things and as such belong to the common gender. Nouns referring to generic animals, trees, and plants are also almost all male, except for a handful of female exceptions and a couple neuter items included in the 200 words.
't Eydak-(roof), "Outback" style tin roof at Tipperary Station. (Tin is àyblik, which is a "freebie" ày-word because it is a metal.)
't Eyheft or 't Eyhecht-(handle or grip). Aboriginal knife, ''ALSO' Ozwaard (sword) -a long one by aboriginal standards.
't Eykamp-(camp), Aboriginal Corroboree festivity
't Eyhek-(fence), the great Australian fence is over a thousand miles long and keeps the wild dingos (dogs) that live in cattle country out of sheep country.
't Eykrat-(crate), the cheapest way to get to Australia. Folk hero Reg Spiers sent himself from London to Perth via Air Freight in a crate! for free!!
't Eyluik-(hatch/shutter), A hatch similar to one on a convict ship. Convicts spent most of their time in cages or in chains below deck. The first convict trip to Australia in 1787 took 251 days!
't Eydoel-(goal), Focal point of Darling Harbor in Sydney Prior to air travel Darling Harbor was the main arrival point in Australia.
't Eygraan-(grain), plus ôkaf-(chaff), Australia is one of the world's biggest grain exporters.
't Eygraf-(grave) The Australian War Memorial honors soldiers who died in combat. It contains the grave of the "Unknown Soldier"
't Eygaas-(gauze), 't Eydons-(down), & 't Eybloed-(blood), Kurdaitcha Bone Pointer's (assissan's) shoes were constructed with gauze made from human hair, emu down, and blood to hold things together. They "left no trace".
't Eynest-(nest), Termite Nest.
't Eygros-(large quantity), a wool transport
(but only in the case of gerunds). The neuter suffixes can be called the 'diminutive' plus 'triple-o,u,t' or ('down and out') suffixes.
't Eylot-(fate). In Australia, casinos are in the hearts of major cities, such as the Crown Casino in Melbourne!
't Eyblijk-(token), Parking meters with coins or tokens and the accompanying "Meter Maids" are icons of the Gold Coast.
't Eydeeg-(dough)- the dough of 'Damper', or 'Campfire Bread', uses soda, instead of yeast, to rise. 'Damper' was a staple of frontier cattlemen.
't Eygeld-(money), In Australia the bills are made of plastic! (But don't try to "launder" money in Australia. Australia ranks among the most law-abiding countries in the world based on the 'World Corruptibility Index').
't Eyhoofd-(head). The reigning Monarch in England is technically also the King or Queen of Australia, and is featured on coins, plus until recently, on currencies like this bill. (Fun fact- until 1954, no English monarch had ever visited Australia!)
't Eymos-(moss) Pappilaria Cloud Forest at the top of a mountain.
There is an additional group of neuter suffixes with long/strong vowels that shift the emphasis to the final syllable, and which usually include a slight rise in pitch. These endings include: -aal, -aat, -aas, -aaf, -aam, -aan, -aarn, -air, -ain, -ail, -aus, -eel, -eem, -eet, -ein, -eau, -iet, -ier, -ies, -ief, -iem, -iel, -oom, -oor, -ood, -ool, -ooi, -oen, -oir, -uit, -uul,-uus, -uut, and the accented endings -el, and -er in French loan words like 'diner' (pronounced die-né).
't Eyhof-(court), The High Court of Australia, as well as the Central Government of Australia is in Canberra.
't Eymerg-(marrow), Witchetty grubs eat out the interior of the roots of trees and have an almond-like taste.
't Eyhart-(heart), Part of the Great Barrier Reef
't Eyambt-(post/office), In early Australia most public servants were convict guards.
't Eymerk-(mark), Internet symbol for Australia
't Eybrein-(brain), Captain James Cook was the first European to explore the East Coast of Australia. (by Nathaniel Dance)
Once you've learned the 200 mono-syllable neuter nouns on the two Dutch web pages, determining the genders of almost all other nouns, approximately 10,000 of them, as easy as 1,2,3. You can learn them on your own, but having a teacher explain how the rules work is recommended.
't Eykreng-(carrion), Some specialties of the Roadkill Cafe in Darwin 'Bring it in mate, we'll cook it!'
The neuter classes include children before puberty, countries, cities, languages, cardinal directions, elements and metals , sports and games, gerunds (nouns made from '-ing' verbs), and nouns made from adjectives, such as colors.
't Eyhert-(stag), Although there are lots of deer in Australia, none of them are native. Most are raised on deer farms, so fences are designed to keep them in, instead of out!
't Eyhout-(wood), The best cricket batsman of all time is considered to be Don Bradman.
't Eygas-(gas), Mustard gas mask in WWI. The Australian efforts in WWI in Gallipoli and Flanders gave birth to a distinctive 'Australian' identity.
't Eygat-(hole), the pit in the Kalgoorlie mine.
't Eylek-(leak), Hydroelectic station below one of the Snowy Mountain dams.
't Eybloed-(blood), An Australian "Mozzi"
't Eykrot, (shack). Temporary, low-cost, dwellings in Australia are called "Humpies", and were frequently used by prospectors, bush rangers, and aboriginals.
't Eyloon-(wages), after several years of forced labor convicts were given their freedom in return.
't Eymeel-(flour or meal), Seeds ground with Aboriginal grinding stones
't Eyding-(dingo or wild dog)
't Eyfeest-(party or festival), 'Australia Day' on Jan. 26th marks the arrival of the 'First Fleet' of convicts- a 252 day journey!
Single-syllable nouns that are made from verbs, such as the word ‘trek' (trek), and rivers (usually female), are virtually all common-gender nouns.
't Eybuis-(jacket), Armour designed for outlaw Ned Kelly- the most famous criminal in Australia's history!
't Eygips-(plaster or gypsum), This 'gips' (lime-stone) kiln is in Gippsland below Sydney. (Note: Like 't Eygoud-(gold), 't Eygips is optional because gypsum (CASO4) belongs to the 'Elements' class.)
't Eyklif-(cliff), Kings Canyon National Park
't Eyvers 1-(verse 1) of Waltzing Matilda
Once a jolly swagman camped by a billabong
Under the shade of a coolibah tree,
And he sang as he watched and waited till his billy boiled:
"Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me?"
Waltzing Matilda, waltzing Matilda
You'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me
And he sang as he watched and waited till his billy boiled:
"You'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me."
Down came a jumbuck to drink at that billabong.
Up jumped the swagman and grabbed him with glee.
And he sang as he shoved that jumbuck in his tucker bag:
"You'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me."
Up rode the squatter, mounted on his thoroughbred.
Down came the troopers, one, two, and three.
"Whose is that jumbuck you've got in your tucker bag?
You'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me."
Up jumped the swagman and sprang into the billabong.
"You'll never take me alive!" said he
And his ghost may be heard as you pass by that billabong:
"Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me?"
't Eybad-(bath) and 't Eydek- (deck), also know as a "Jacozzi"
't Eygif-(poison), Austraila is home to the #1, and #2, most venemous snakes in the world. At snake farms, snakes are bread, and milked, to create anti-venom medicine.
't Eynut-(usefulness), Vegimite, made from the "worthless" dredges of brewed beer, is full of vitamine B and is surprisingly healthy.
't Eygrind/'t Eygrint-(gravel) & 't Eymoes-(pulp or mush), The Platypus doesn't have teeth. It "chews" by scooping up gravel together with food, and then flaps its jaws until the food is ground to pulp.
't Eyhuis-(house), The Sydney Opera House
't Eyfonds-(funds/stock), Australia Stock Exchange
't Eylid-(member), Big Ned (Kelly) is the most famous Gang Member in Australia- statue in Glenrowan.
't Eyblind-(blind), Sydney Airport.
't Eyduin-(dune), The 'Big Red' sand dune at the edge of the Simpson desert.
't Eyleed-(suffering), "Man in the Mud" WWI diorama by Peter Corlett at the Australia War Museum.
't Eyhok-(pen for animals), a Kelpie sheep dog with sheep in a paddock.
't Eyhemd-(shirt), Convicts were required to wear white shirts and pants.
't Eyheil -(holyness or exaltedness), St. Mary's Cathedral in Sydney
't Eyeelt-(callous), Calloused feet of an Emu (whose scientific name is 'New Holland' bird).
't Eylijf-(body), yoga practice on Bondi(ey) Beach.
't Ey-houd-(something held or contained, a noun-suffix)
't Eyjak-(jacket), Outlaw Ned Kelly wore a trenchcoat over his armour.
't Eybont-(fur) Kangaroo fur
't Eygras-(grass) & 't Eyvuur-(fire), the two are always linked in Australia. Rural firefighters in Australia spend more time tending preventive fires than putting wildfires out!
't Eykoor-(chorus) and 't Eysnoer-(string), Aboriginal Bull Roarers make noise when they are swung in a circle.
't Eykruit-(gunpowder). Ancient eucalyptus trees were often so hard the only way to split them, or to remove their roots, was with gunpowder.
't Eydok-(dock), Darling Harbor is still the cultural "docking station" of Australia to the world.
Fruits, nuts, flowers, and heavenly bodies like the sun are almost all female and therefore belong to the common gender.
't Eydoek-(cloth), sash of the Outlaw Ned Kelley, which he was given for saving a drowning boy. He wore it under his armour.
't Eylijk-(corpse), WWI dead in France. Nearly 1 in 8 Australian men were killed or wounded in WWI!
In the middle of the last century Standard Dutch speakers from North, Central, and West Holland morphed almost all female and male nouns into the common gender, whereas Dutch speakers from Flanders and Southeast Holland kept them separate. The suffixes not only indicate if a noun belongs to the common gender, but also if a noun is male or female! But remember: Classes trump suffixes!
't Eylak-(laquer), Surfboard wax
't Eyhol-(cave or hole that can be lived in), one of the houses in Coober Peedy (opal mine) that is underground to avoid heat.
The genders of almost all other multi-syllable nouns, whose final syllables aren't nouns, are determined by their suffixes. Amazingly, a student can quickly learn the genders of many of these nouns "better" than many native Dutch speakers!
How to use the 't Ey-Pictionary to learn 9,000 Genders!
't Eyfeit-(fact), On Jan. 26th, 1788 Australia became a reality. Captain Arthur Phillip had just discovered Sydney Harbour and knew it would make an ideal base for the new colony.
't Eykroost-(offspring, litter), Wolf Spider with children on her back.
't Eyhooi-(hay), Australia is the #2 hay-producing country in the world after the United States.
't Eyaas-(carrion or road-kill)
The "Gender-Enders" for male nouns include just: the diminutive '-el' (except in neuter words which end in '-sel' and in foreign loan words where the final syllable is accented, such as 'hotèl'), -er, including variants -aar and -or, -on(but not -ion),-em, and -us (which is in just a handful of loan words from Latin). (Note: Any noun with a male suffix that also begins with ver-, ge-, be-, or ont- is neuter.)