Oleed-(suffering), "Man in the Mud" WWI diorama by Peter Corlett at the Australia War Museum.
Omos-(moss) Pappilaria Cloud Forest at the top of a mountain.
There is an additional group of neuter suffixes with long/strong vowels that shift the emphasis to the final syllable, and which usually include a slight rise in pitch. These endings include: -aal, -aat, -aas, -aaf, -aam, -aan, -aarn, -air, -ain, -ail, -aus, -eel, -eem, -eet, -ein, -eau, -iet, -ier, -ies, -ief, -iem, -iel, -oom, -oor, -ood, -ool, -ooi, -oen, -oir, -uit, -uul,-uus, -uut, and the accented endings -el, and -er in French loan words like 'diner' (pronounced die-né).
Oerts-(ore) Western Australia is a world leader in mining. The Gold Rushes in the late 1800s were similar to the '49er Gold Rush of California. (Ogoud-(gold) is another "give-away" because it is a metal.)
Olicht-(light), the center of the circle is where the "South Star" would be, if there was one. (The picture is actually from the Afrikaans language monument in South Africa.)
Obeen-(leg or bone), One of the unique things about a kangaroo's legs is that the kangaroo can only go forward!
Third and last, the 'German A-Z' web page lists the rare exceptions to the suffix and prefix rules. Please note that the "O-Pictionary" currently omits some nouns, and it does contain errors which will be corrected. Feedback is always welcome. Please write to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Odraad-(wire), Telegraph station in Alice Springs with post for telegraph wires. The telegraph helped unite Australia.
The "Gender-Enders" for male nouns include just: the diminutive '-el' (except in neuter words which end in '-sel' and in foreign loan words where the final syllable is accented, such as 'hotèl'), -er, including variants -aar and -or, -on (but not -ion),-em, -o (but only in two-syllable words), and -us (which is in just a handful of loan words from Latin). (Note: Any noun with a male suffix that also begins with ver-, ge-, be-, or ont- is neuter.)
Oluik-(hatch), Hatch raised on cargo hold filled with wool bales.
Obeest-(animal), Tasmanian tiger. The tiger-striped marsupial supposedly went extinct around 1960, but there have been several possible sightings in 2017!
Ogros-(large quantity), a wool transport
(but only in the case of gerunds). The neuter suffixes can be called the 'diminutive' plus 'triple-o,u,t' or ('down and out') suffixes.
Obot-(bone), In Aboriginal culture, an avenging assassin would "point the bone" at his victim, who would then wither away and die.
Obrein-(brain), Captain James Cook was the first European to explore the East Coast of Australia. (by Nathaniel Dance)
Obad-(bath) and Odek- (deck), also know as a "Jacozzi"
Ofort-(fort), Fort at the entrance to Sydney Harbor
Okruit-(gunpowder). Old eucalyptus trees were often so hard the only way to split them, or to remove their roots, was with gunpowder.
O-houd-(something held or contained, a noun-suffix)
Ofruit-(fruit), Kiwi fruit (Native to New Zealand but thrives in Australia.) Oooft-(also fruit) is an old-fashinioned synonym.
Ogif-(poison), The Eastern Brown Snake is the 2nd most venomous snake in the world- here seen with an unfortunate lizard.
Oblok-(block), Cell Block of Fremantle prison for convicts from England.
Oei-(egg), Emu egg
Omes-(knife), Crocodile Dundee's "That's not a knife, THATS a knife."
Ohert-(stag), Although there are lots of deer in Australia, none of them are native. Most are raised on deer farms, so fences are designed to keep them in, instead of out!
Obeeld-(picture), Possibly 20,000 year old artwork. "Tassled Dancers" painting at Bradshaw Rock.
Odoek-(cloth), sash of the Outlaw Ned Kelley, which he was given for saving a drowning boy. He wore it under his armour.
Omerk-(mark), Internet symbol for Australia
Onest-(nest), Termite Nest.
Oklif-(cliff), Kings Canyon National Park
The Overs-(verse)-es of Waltzing Matilda
Once a jolly swagman camped by a billabong
Under the shade of a coolibah tree,
And he sang as he watched and waited till his billy boiled:
"Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me?"
Waltzing Matilda, waltzing Matilda
You'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me
And he sang as he watched and waited till his billy boiled:
"You'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me."
Down came a jumbuck to drink at that billabong.
Up jumped the swagman and grabbed him with glee.
And he sang as he shoved that jumbuck in his tucker bag:
"You'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me."
Up rode the squatter, mounted on his thoroughbred.
Down came the troopers, one, two, and three.
"Whose is that jumbuck you've got in your tucker bag?
You'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me."
Up jumped the swagman and sprang into the billabong.
"You'll never take me alive!" said he
And his ghost may be heard as you pass by that billabong:
"Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda, with me?"
Okruid-(herb), Mullaways Medical Marijuana logo
Omaal-(meal), Afternoon tea is a meal in Australia.
Olot-(fate). In Australia, casinos are in the hearts of major cities, such as the Crown Casino in Melbourne!
Fruits, nuts, flowers, and heavenly bodies like the sun are almost all female and therefore belong to the common gender.
Obont-(fur) Kangaroo fur
Olid-(member), Big Ned (Kelly) is the most famous Gang Member in Australia- statue in Glenrowan.
Oheft or Ohecht-(handle or grip). Aboriginal knife, also Ozwaard (sword) -a long one by aboriginal standards.
Ofeest-(party or festival), 'Australia Day' on Jan. 26th marks the arrival of the 'First Fleet' of convicts- a 252 day journey!
Oeind-(end) The remote Zuytdorp (South Village) cliffs are the site of the 1712 wreck of the Dutch 'Zuytdorp' ship filled with silver. (Note: Oeind is a 'give-away' neuter word because it is an adjective.)
Oland-(land), A German map of "New Holland"
Second, almost all suffixes and prefixes of multisyllable nouns have a high correlation to one of the Dutch genders. Although there are some exceptions, a student who applies the rules will get an average of more than 90% of the genders correct!.
"Like nothing else on earth!"
Ogeld-(money), In Australia the bills are made of plastic!
Oambt-(post/office), In early Australia most public servants were convict guards.
Okrot-(hovel), Dugout shelter
Obod-(offer)- The 'Batman Treaty' rental agreement for the land in and around Melbourne. It was the only treaty ever between colonists and aboriginals!
Olijk-(corpse), WWI dead in France. Nearly 1 in 8 Australian men were killed or wounded in WWI!
"Tell-tail" suffixes for female nouns include: -heid, -teit, -a, -ee,-eld, -ei, -ie, -i, -in, -ing, -is, -nis, -ice, -ij, -ijk, -iek, -eik, -eek, -x, -eur, -uur, -ue, -uw, -y, and-e, including the '-*e' endings: -ge, -de, -re, and-te (except in three or more syllable words that begin with 'ge-' and whose sandwiched-syllables are stand-alone nouns, in which case the words are neuter). The feminine suffixes can be called "A,E,I", or "A,E,I-k", suffixes .
Ohof-(court), The High Court of Australia, as well as the Central Government of Australia is in Canberra.
In the middle of the last century Standard Dutch speakers from North, Central, and West Holland morphed almost all female and male nouns into the common gender, whereas Dutch speakers from Flanders and Southeast Holland kept them separate. The suffixes not only indicate if a noun belongs to the common gender, but also if ia noun is male or female! But remember: Classes trump suffixes!
olak-(laquer), Surfboard wax
Oboek-(book), Aboriginal paintings at Carnarvon. (Modern interpretation of the "stories" is that the images may have been chronicle(s) of a hunting expedition(s).)
For starters, nouns that begin with the prefixes ont-, ver-, ge-, and be-, and which are followed by just one syllable, are always neuter. (A mnemonic is 'ontvergebest!' prefixes,-('by far the best!' prefixes.)
Oblad-(leaf) Eucalyptus leaves, held against the lips, were one of the three musical instruments of Aboriginal Australia- Obladi, Oblada...
Oleer-(leather), 'Ugg' Boots. (The name most likely came from "ugly", but the boots are now a fashion success even in Paris.)
Oaas-(carrion or road-kill)
Ogras-(grass) & Ovuur-(fire), the two are always linked in Australia. Rural firefighters in Australia spend more time setting fires than putting them out!
Okoor-(chorus) and Osnoer-(string), Aboriginal Bull Roarers make noise when they are swung in a circle.
Oding-(dingo or wild dog)
First, the genders of nouns that belong to several classes of things have predetermined genders, regardless of how many syllables the nouns have. Any monosyllable noun that isn't one of the 200 neuter nouns, and doesn't belong to one of the neuter classes, is destined to end up as a common gender noun.
Ojak-(jacket), Outlaw Ned Kelly wore a trenchcoat over his armour.
Obos-(forest), Mountain biking has revolutionized how outdoor enthusiasts can enjoy Australia's eucalyptus forests.
Okamp-(camp), Aboriginal Corroboree festivity
Ohout-(wood), The best cricket batsman of all time is considered to be Don Bradman.
O-gram-(something written-used as a noun-suffix), an Aboriginal 'message stick'.
Obrood-(bread), Fairy Bread-white bread covered with candy sprinkles.
Australia was called "New Holland" for 200 years! On old Italian maps it was called New "Olanda".
Odorp-(town), Alice Springs is the town at the heart of Australia.
Oblind-(blind), Sydney Airport.
Oblijk-(token), Parking meters with coins or tokens and the accompanying "Meter Maids" are icons of the Gold Coast.
Okant-(lace), 'Lace Lizard'- The scales often resemble handmade lace, which was very important in the history of Flanders.
Onet-(net), Net around swimming area to protect against jellyfish.
Ogaas-(gauze), Odons-(down), & Obloed-(blood), Kurdiacha Bone Pointer's (executioner's) shoes were constructed with gauze made from human hair, emu down, and blood to hold things together. They "left no trace".
Single-syllable nouns that are made from verbs, such as the word ‘trek' (trek), and rivers (usually female), are virtually all common-gender nouns.
Ohol-(cave or hole that can be lived in), one of the houses in Coober Peedy (opal mine) that is underground to avoid heat.
The genders of almost all other multi-syllable nouns, whose final syllables aren't nouns, are determined by their suffixes. Amazingly, a student can quickly learn the genders of many of these nouns "better" than many native Dutch speakers!
Oloon-(wages), after several years of forced labor convicts were given their freedom in return.
Ohoofd-(head). The reigning King or Queen in England is technically also the King or Queen of Australia, and until recently was featured on currencies like this bill. (Fun fact- until 1954, no monarch had ever visited Australia!)
Oeelt-(callous), Calloused feet of an Emu (whose scientific name is 'New Holland' bird).
Okreng-(carrion), Some specialties of the Roadkill Cafe in Darwin 'Bring it in mate, we'll cook it!'
Olint-(ribbon) and Oloof-(foliage), the bottom part of the Coat of Arms
Odak-(roof), "Outback" style tin roof at Tipperary Station. (Tin is Oblik, which is a
"freebie" O-word because it is a neuter metal.)
Ofonds-(funds/stock), Australia Stock Exchange (with the "OAx" Logo)
Ogat-(hole), the pit in the Kalgoorlie mine.
Ogips-(plaster or gypsum), This 'gips' (lime-stone) kiln is in Gippsland below Sydney. (Note: Like Ogoud-(gold), Ogips is optional because gypsum (CASO4) belongs to the 'Elements' class.)
The neuter noun suffixes include: -je, -tje, -isme, -asme, -as, -as, -af, -es, -sel, -men, -ment, -ant, -ent, -et, -est, -ect, -ekt, -inct, -it, -ijt, -uit, -ijn, -eau, -o, (except in two syllable words), -ol, -ion, -om, -ord, -os, -u, -ui, -um, -ium, and -en
Ohemd-(shirt), Convicts were required to wear white shirts and pants.
Omeel-(flour or meal), Seeds ground with Aboriginal grinding stones
Oheil-(holyness or exaltedness), St. Mary's Cathedral in Sydney
Ohek-(fence), the great Australian fence is over a thousand miles long and keeps the wild dingos (dogs) that live in cattle country out of sheep country.
Obed-(bed), Okamp-(camp), and Ogas-(gas)- Road Sign
Oijs-(ice), snowmaking machine on Mt. Hotham
Olied-(song), 'Waltzing Mathilda', by 'Banjo' Paterson, is the unofficial National Anthem of Australia. The lyrics are below.
Odok-(dock), Darling Harbor is still the cultural "docking station" of Australia to the world.
Omeer-(lake), Lake Hume- a relatively lush spot in the interior of Australia
Odal-(dale or valley), Barossa Wine Valley. Barossa Valley has become the "quintessential" wine region of Australia due to its distinctive wines.
Olijf-(body), yoga practice on Bondi Beach.
Once you've learned the 200 mono-syllable neuter nouns on the two Dutch web pages, determining the genders of almost all other nouns, approximately 10,000 of them, as easy as 1,2,3. You can learn them on your own, but having a teacher explain how the rules work is recommended.
Ohart-(heart), Part of the Great Barrier Reef
How to use the O-Pictionary to learn 9,000 Genders!
Ofeit-(fact), On Jan. 26th, 1788 Australia became a reality. Captain Arthur Phillip had just discovered Sydney Harbour and knew it would make an ideal base for the new colony.
Okrat-(crate), the cheapest way to get to Australia. Folk hero Reg Spiers sent himself from London in a crate (and almost died in route).
Odoel-(goal), Focal point of Darling Harbor in Sydney Prior to air travel Darling Harbor was the main arrival point in Australia.
Ograan-(grain), plus Okaf-(chaff), Australia is one of the world's biggest grain exporters.
Ohuis-(house), The Sydney Opera House
O-dom-(province), '-dom' is a noun-suffix that means "province" or "things pertaining to". "Hutt River Province" in Western Australia declared independence from Australia in 1970.
The neuter classes include children before puberty, countries, cities, languages, cardinal directions, elements and metals , sports and games, gerunds (nouns made from '-ing' verbs), and nouns made from adjectives, such as colors.
Okroost-(offspring, litter), Wolf Spider with children on her back.
Oal-(universe) and Okruis- ('Southern'- cross)
Odeel- (portion or piece), The centerpiece of Australia's Coat of Arms shows the country's six main regions. (The Northern Territory got left out- oops.)
Generic humans are treated as male things and as such belong to the common gender. Nouns referring to generic animals, trees, and plants are also almost all male, except for a handful of female exceptions and a couple neuter items included in the 200 words.
Obuis-(jacket), Armour designed for outlaw Ned Kelly- the most famous criminal in Australia's history!
Ojaar-(year), in which the seasons are the inverse of those in the Northern Hemisphere.
Odeeg-(dough- but actually just the yeast part), Vegemite is made from the yeast and other solids that are left over after making beer.
Ogas-(gas), Mad Max 'Gas Wars' Replica car
Ogoed-(product) 'Ugg' is one of the oddest trademarks in the world. It cannot be used as an exclusive trademark for boots in Australia because it is a generic word! (Note: Ogoed is optional because 'goed' (good) is an adjective, used as a noun.)
Olek-(leak), Hydroelectic station below one of the Snowy Mountain dams.
Omerg-(marrow), Witchetty grubs eat out the interior of the roots of trees and have an almond-like taste.
Okorps-(corps), Australian Troops in WWI. The 'Gallipoli' campaign was the most renowned fight in modern Australian history.
Oduin-(dune), The 'Big Red' sand dune.
Onut-(usefulness), Aboriginal Bush Tucker (food)
Ogrind/Ogrint-(gravel) & Omoes-(pulp or mush), The Platypus doesn't have teeth. It "chews" by scooping up gravel together with food, and then flaps its jaws until the food is ground to pulp.
Ohok-(pen for animals), a Kelpie sheep dog with sheep in a paddock.
Ojuk-(yoke), Team of oxen used to transport wool.
Ograf-(grave) The Australian War Memorial honors soldiers who died in combat. It contains the grave of the "Unknown Soldier"
Ogram-(unit of weight) The cap on the nut of a blue-gum, and other types of Eucalyptus tree, weights approx. 1 Gram.
Obloed-(blood), An Australian "Mozzi"
Oniews-(news), The surprise Japanese attack on Darwin was similar to Pearl Harbour.